5:46 | Ron Clark remembers when the Chinese would attack and how the strategies between American and Chinese differed. He also explains one detailed account of an American casualty during battle and his own major injury that permanently disabled his eyesight.
Keywords : Ron Clark Mortarman Korea Korean War Koream Conflict Bunker Hill Marine
Ron Clark explains how he began in the Navy, but as soon as he decided the Navy was not a good fit and wanted to go to college, the Korean War was just beginning. Clark later joined the Marines and discusses his duties and journeys during training.
Ron Clark talks about his first moments in Korea and how he was trained in many different weapons divisions but became a mortarman. He also discusses the intense combat soon after.
Ron Clark remembers the steps taken to avoid critical injuries due to cold weather, including the boots that were worn during combat. He also explains a funny story about how he got the nickname One Boot Clark.
Ron Clark explains the bunkers they used when fighting in Korea. He remembers being in these bunkers during guard duty and the strategic mental games the Chinese and Americans would try on one another when fighting on Bunker Hill.
Ron Clark remembers how the Chinese seemed to have an endless supply of weaponry, especially when it came to concussion grenades and booby traps.
Ron Clark talks about many things he learned during Marine training on Parris Island. He tells stories about how disciplined it was, but also how it was necessary for purposes of preparing them for Camp Pendleton and war.
Ron Clark thinks back to a saying the Marines had while in combat and also reflects on the overall importance of the Korean War and the long-term results of the war.
He wasn't even eighteen, but after seeing The Sands Of Iwo Jima, Archie Parrish and his pals tried and failed to enlist in the Marine Corps. But the Navy recruiter next door told him how to hide his real age and he set off to boot camp. This allowed him to escape his strict brother, who was overcompensating for a missing father.
The landing at Inchon was anything but typical and was the brainchild of Douglas MacArthur, who was determined to counter the surprise push by the invading North Koreans. Hospital Corpsman Archie Parrish was part of the massive effort and describes how his friend got a million dollar wound while taking out a machine gun nest.
Helicopter pilot Max Ferguson had a MASH unit down the road from his air strip in Korea. Seen the TV show? Then you've met the doctors and nurses there. In an escapade worthy of an episode from the show, he chased down a fox at weed level in his helicopter.
They were not hurting for supplies. The problem was being outnumbered ten to one by the Chinese. When they began "advancing in a different direction," Corpsman Archie Parrish remembers destroying a lot of material so the enemy would not get it. As they approached Koto-ri, he had to dive from an exploding ambulance onto the frozen ground, where he had a chance encounter that would change his life. Part 4 of 4.
After serving as a steward on several ships, including an oiler in the frigid winds of the Korean coast, Salvador Sarmiento felt blessed to move into the disbursement office. He had his family with him during shore duty in Subic Bay and Long Beach.
When the Korean War broke out, Max Ferguson was receiving an Army commission out of ROTC. Training as a combat engineer, he found out there was a need for engineer pilots, and he succeeded in becoming one. Then he switched from fixed wing to helicopters, which are more difficult to fly and a greater challenge.
Val Archer received a wartime assignment in Korea, but was diverted to the Marshall Islands to take part in a nuclear weapons test. He flew drones with test instruments through the blast area, and with the end of the war, he tried his luck at civilian life. After several "interesting" jobs, he reenlisted and was offered a chance at a new direction.
At first, the field hospital at Hagaru-ri was getting fire from the surrounding hills as the Chinese Army swarmed into the Chosin Reservoir area. Eventually, those hills were retaken, but Corpsman Archie Parrish felt so targeted that he removed the Red Cross from his uniform. He recalls the agony of a Marine with a severe head wound and reveals why he could not be given morphine. Part 3 of 4.
Bob Moore's first night on Old Baldy was memorable. The lines had become static, but there were still attacks and he was tested that night in his new position on a machine gun squad. The greater test was after the combat when he dealt with the wounded for the first time.
Jack Robinson joined the Marine Reserves while at college. Three months later, the Korean War broke out and he found himself at Camp Pendleton getting combat training and loading equipment into a troop ship. After a rough crossing, he was looking at the roof of a creaky Korean train car wondering why it was all shot up.
One day they were having a quiet Thanksgiving meal and the next day all Hell broke loose with waves of Chinese coming at them. The Marines had set up three bases at the Chosin Reservoir and all three were surrounded. Helping them resist the overwhelming odds were the 41st Royal Commandos, the most professional warriors that Hospital Corpsman Archie Parrish had ever seen. Part 2 of 4.
After a wild first night at the front, everyone else was headed back up the hill to the bunkers but Bob Moore remained behind with his platoon sergeant on the flank of Old Baldy. He was about to find out what a listening post was and how a still night can play tricks on your senses.
Colonel Andy Smith talks about his time in the Korean War as a Marine pilot. As a pilot of the AU-1 Corsair, Colonel Smith's job was to observe the movements of North Korean and Chinese soldiers crossing the border. Colonel Smith retired from the Marines after 30 years of service.
Before Al Carter could reach the front lines in Korea, he had to go through a hurricane at sea which made everyone sick. Then he had to ride underpowered Korean trains, which would often not make it up a hill, roll back and have to build up more steam for another try.
From Long Island, Bob Moore was "invited" by the government to join the Army. He remembers the cold weather training in Pennsylvania and the words of the tough sergeant, words he would often appreciate later in Korea.
On his first day at the front in Korea, Jack Robinson was sent on patrol and had to hit the deck in a rice paddy. That's when he discovered what they were using for fertilizer. At least he had a great company commander who knew how to use air support. And when there were wounded to be rescued, he learned about a neat trick the tankers could use.
On guard duty one night, Bob Moore heard the Chinese loudspeakers broadcasting a propaganda appeal. It did get to him a a little when they said his supporting units had left them alone. Bugles and drums were another psychological weapon and the Americans countered with huge spotlights to light up the advancing enemy.
It was cold in Korea but Al Carter says that a body gets used to it and that he was prepared from the tough basic training. His unit moved a lot on the front, but he never saw Korean towns or cities, only the lonely front, where all the civilians had been evacuated. During this time, a Korean friend he met after the war was fleeing the North.
As he prepared to leave for Korea, Bob Moore found out his wife was expecting a child. This was a sobering thought as he headed for a replacement center near the front. There he heard an unusual motivational speech that stuck with him.
A portion of the line manned by Republic of Korea (ROK) troops was overrun. Bob Moore's unit was sent to plug the hole and as they struggled, help came in the form of a forward observer from the battleship USS Missouri. The Mighty Mo was anchored within range of the hill and it's barrage turned the tide of the battle, but the noise of the shells and gunfire had a lasting effect on Moore.
The North Koreans had retreated northward and Bill Bates and his Marines were finally able to take hot showers under the curious watch of a local crowd. They returned to the fight, pushing toward the Yalu River when reports of Chinese units started coming in.
The Marines had spent months on line and had just settled into hot showers and new clothes when the order came, "Saddle Up!" The Chinese Spring Offensive had begun and a hole in the line had to be plugged. Jack Robinson's unit did just that, holding their own with rifles, machine guns and grenades.