5:59 | Arnold Whittaker describes the deadly winter conditions that G.I.s faced during the Battle of the Bulge and the toll those conditions took on their bodies.
Keywords : Battle of the Bulge foxhole mortar Artillery Nebelwerfer rocket artillery low temperature court-martial
Arnold Whittaker remembers a particularly traumatic sight after landing at Omaha Beach a few months after D-Day in 1944.
Arnold Whittaker describes the dichotomy between anonymous replacements and bonded soldiers.
While fighting their way through Europe during World War II, Arnold Whittaker describes how the living conditions temporarily but drastically changed after taking the city of Metz, France, in 1944.
Arnold Whittaker recalls the biggest problem that his unit faced while liberating European cities during World War II.
After liberating Metz and being struck by a German counterattack, Arnold Whittaker recalls the massive numbers of replacement soldiers sent in to his company, and the dangers those inexperienced soldiers posed to their seasoned peers.
Arnold Whittaker describes the deadly winter conditions that G.I.s faced during the Battle of the Bulge and the toll those conditions took on their bodies.
Arnold Whittaker remembers the best Christmas present he ever received during the Battle of the Bulge.
Arnold Whittaker tells the story that ensued after finding a photo of a U.S. soldier in a small Luxembourg village while heading towards Germany in 1945.
Arnold Whittaker discusses how G.I.s each suffered from one of three "orientations" - food, drink or women - and how that played a role when his unit took over a chateau from German troops in 1945.
Arnold Whittaker discusses the hardship U.S. forces faced while crossing the Rhine river in March of 1945 under the command of General Patton.
Only a few days before the war with Germany was rumored to end, Arnold Whittaker recalls finding himself in the sights of a German Tiger tank.
Arnold Whittaker recollects the difficulty, both emotionally and physically, of dealing with fallen soldiers during the Battle of the Bulge.
Arnold Whittaker talks about a time he single-handedly captured over a dozen German soldiers, an action for which he received a Silver Star.
Arnold Whittaker describes the last words he often heard from dying soldiers.
B-24 flight engineer Bill Toombs was over Germany when bad went to worse. One engine was shot out. Then an 88 round went right through the number four wing tank. It didn't blow up the plane, but they lost all the fuel for that engine, so now they had two engines out. They made a desperate run for Brussels, which had been liberated.
After a nerve-wracking mission to bomb Tokyo and a typhoon, B.E. Vaughan and the destroyer O'Brien suffered a second kamikaze attack which killed all three of his hometown pals who served with him on board. Then, began the grim task of collecting the personal belongings of the dead and preparing them for burial at sea.
Robert James was in the shower aboard ship when the alarm went off. He scrambled to his gun mount to man the 20 mm gun and then the threat became apparent. Kamikazes had broken through the air cover and were headed for the convoy. He heard some firing from another gun and turned around just in time to see a horrifying sight. Part 1 of 2.
Near the end of the war, the food supply in Holland had been disrupted and there was widespread hunger. Henk Duinhoven was lucky to be in the countryside, where gardens had been harvested. When he heard the sound of Canadian tanks, he knew that liberation was finally at hand.
Robert James was propped up against a bulkhead, going in and out of consciousness. The kamikaze had destroyed the starboard gun mounts and there were many dead and wounded. He was grateful when someone gave him some morphine to ease the pain from multiple shrapnel wounds. This was the beginning of a painful journey to healing. Part 2 of 2.
On his first raid in North Africa, reconnaissance platoon leader John Souther captured a hundred Germans with no losses to his own unit. His job in the 1st Armored Division was to be out in front with his eyes open, and he was doing just that when a huge amount of enemy was spotted. Rommel's big push had begun.
The first operation for the 4th Division was the landing on Roi-Namur. Lawrence Snowden remembers that, though it was an easy victory, valuable combat experience and important lessons were imparted on the Marines.
When he had to bail out, Jim Wicker was literally sucked from the cockpit when he released the canopy because of his high rate of speed. He was just a hundred miles inland a few days after D-Day and the Germans caught him almost immediately. As he sat in solitary confinement waiting for interrogation, he was comforted by his faith.
John Souther was on reconnaissance patrol when he nosed his halftrack up over the edge of the gully in the Tunisian desert. A round from a German 88 immediately tore through the engine compartment, but left him unhurt. They paid mightily for that shot. With his radio, he began spotting artillery on their position, under fire the entire time. He was awarded the Silver Star for this action.
Bill Adair was suffering from the effects of a concussion when the battle for the Philippines came to an end for him. Along with thousands of others, he was forced to surrender and was facing the prospect of joining what would become known as the Bataan Death March. Then fate intervened in the form of an ambulance without a driver. Part 1 of 2.
Two engines were out, a third smoking, and they were were losing airspeed and altitude, but they were flying level and pointed home. Then time ran out for the B-17 and Don Scott had to slip down the hatch into the slipstream. Part 2 of 3.
Bill Garrison was standing in a chow line when a man up the line suddenly dropped, shot dead by a sniper. That was only one hazard at the air fields in China; the others being Japanese air raids and infiltrators. (This interview made possible with the support of COL ROBERT W. RUST, USMCR (ret.) in honor of LtGen Lawrence Snowden & LtGen George Christmas.)
He bunked with regular B-17 crew members, but Bill Livingstone was a gunnery instructor who was there to keep skills sharp. He was also there to substitute for any crew member who was not able to fly. His very first mission turned out to be a memorable one. Part 1 of 5.
Bill Adair may have been the luckiest man in the Bataan Death march. With a commandeered ambulance full of casualties, he threaded his way through the ordeal thanks to luck and guile. At the end, though, there was a camp waiting for him just like all the rest. Part 2 of 2.
Hannah Deutch was a teenager when the Kindertransport rescue effort became her means of escape from Germany. England was taking in thousands of Jewish children and she got her papers in order and left. Right away, as the oldest one in the large group, she became the leader on the journey.
Wes Ruth was eating breakfast when he saw the planes coming in. He thought they were ours until the bombs started falling. As he drove frantically to his hangar on Ford Island, he saw the USS Arizona hit. The Japanese had made their move. As a photo-recon pilot, he was dispatched as soon as the attacks ended to search for the enemy fleet.
It was their third mission over Berlin and they were heading home. Four German fighters pounced on the B-24 and it was engulfed in flame and going down. Clyde Burnette fought for consciousness as the other crew in the back of the plane bailed out. He woke in free fall with no idea how he had made it out, and soon he was in German custody. Everyone made it out of the plane except George "Danny" Daneau, the nose turret gunner, who went down with the aircraft.
Sixteen year old Elizabeth Tilston wanted to do her part in the war so she enlisted in the British Army. That was delayed for a while when they discovered her age. During the war, she met two very important people, the future queen and her future husband.
The British Army made an ambulance driver out of Elizabeth Tilston. Her father had taught her to drive so it was a good assignment for her. She tells two tales about two of her more interesting rides, one with the most important VIP from France and the other with two German prisoners.
Mechanic and flight engineer Fred Eichenbrenner's most difficult repair was right at the beginning of his deployment. The tail wheel was damaged almost as soon as they picked up the new C-47 and they had to deal with it at every stop between West Palm Beach and India.
When Dorothy Managan was a nursing instructor at Fort Lewis, she was surprised one Sunday morning to find MP's milling about the church. There was a very important visitor for that morning's service. When the war ended, she was assigned to tend to returning American POW's. She considered it an honor.
Jesse Oxendine sailed home on the Queen Mary. He had to wait around a week in New York because his unit was chosen for the victory parade. Word came about the atomic bomb while he was still in Berlin. He is thankful to President Truman that he didn't have to go invade Japan.
It was early in 1945 when Dorothy Managan went to Fort Dix to begin her training for the US Army Nurse Corps. She enjoyed trips into New York City to see plays and musicals. The next stop was Fort Lewis, where they decided she was going to be an instructor for the newer recruits.
Flying from a small airfield in the far north of India, the Army Air Corps was supplying Chinese and Indian troops in Burma. Flight engineer Fred Eichenbrenner had a memorable first flight, flying over a battlefield and sweating over a rumored Japanese machine gun nest at the end of the runway.