5:29 | General David Barno describes the evolution of the Joint Special Forces Command into the high tech force it is today. He also looks back on his command in Afghanistan and wonders, could he have done more to bring the conflict to a conclusion?
Keywords : David Barno Afghanistan Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) Stanley McChrystal Iraq The Surge Anbar Awakening election Taliban Hamid Karzai Donald Rumsfeld North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
David Barno relished the challenge of rebuilding a broken Army in the years after Vietnam. He finished a four year run with the 25th Infantry Division as a company commander, and began to develop a respect for the new Ranger battalions. That's where he felt he should go next.
General David Barno formed a task force to train Iraqi exiles during the preparations for that conflict and he managed it so well that he got some attention up the chain. His next assignment was a big one, command of the combined forces in Afghanistan.
It was a tough job for the top commander in Afghanistan. General David Barno had to manage relations between President Karzai and the United Nations and the forces fighting the war. He soon determined that a fair and free election was the best way to thwart the efforts of the Taliban.
Following the tragic deaths of ten Afghan children, it fell on General David Barno to tell President Karzai about the incident. He describes the effect this had on the rules of engagement going forward and he discusses a document he drew up to give guidelines to the troops that would keep them in the good graces of their hosts.
What would be the positive memories of his time in Afghanistan? For General David Barno, the best thing was seeing young officers blossom into senior leaders. He had a quiet, lone homecoming and then a radically different operating environment, the Pentagon.
What's it like for a retired general to watch from the sidelines as wars continue? David Barno answers that and has a few observations about how his former command in Afghanistan is being managed.
He grew up in a house full of military memorabilia and in the eighth grade, David Barno decided that not only would he become an Army officer, he would go to West Point. He immediately began to execute a plan to make it happen.
Many of the instructors at West Point had served in Vietnam, recalls David Barno. The war was on the mind of every cadet and when Vietnam fell, they knew they would not be going there. This particular class would become known for the number of future generals it produced.
He heard of Grenada on a Friday and on Monday he was flying there. David Barno was a Ranger company commander who took part in the hastily put together operation. It was such a patchwork of units and plans that everything went wrong that could. It spurred congressional hearings that actually helped correct the situation.
It was assumed to be a one day operation, but it was on the the third day of action on the island of Grenada that David Barno faced his first combat. The Ranger company commander took away many important lessons from that chaotic operation.
After attending the US Army Command and General Staff College, David Barno went to the 2nd Ranger Battalion as the operations officer. Preparations were underway at the time for Operation Just Cause, the invasion of Panama.
It was freezing cold at Fort Benning, where David Barno boarded a C-130 with the 2nd Ranger Battalion to jump into tropical Panama. It was time to clean up a mess there and, unlike the chaotic Grenada operation, there was a rehearsal and a real plan.
The invasion of Kuwait was a heavily mechanized operation, so infantry commander David Barno watched that from afar. In the 90's, the Army was focused on various peacekeeping operations. Was that going to be their new focus? On September 11, 2001, it became clear what the new mission would be.
Every Army officer has had mentors and for David Barno, it was not only men he had served under but men who had served under him. Since his retirement, he has been busy writing and teaching and remembering how his military career was the dream of a lifetime.
Leading men in war is a difficult task for many, and leading many men through wars in two countries is not something you can prepare for. General Myers reflects on the weight of making decisions at the level at which he served. (Interview conducted in partnership with the Eisenhower Foundation as part of their Ike's Soldiers program. https://eisenhowerfoundation.net & http://ikessoldiers.com)
Qalat is a village in Zabul province that was in the area of operation for the 618th Engineer Support Company. The job for Adam Keys and the others was to locate IED's built and hidden by the Taliban. You look for any anomaly, anything out of place, but when you are foreign, everything looks out of place.
He had only been in country for a month. Larry Draughn was supposed to be training with a drone, but when he heard that his unit was going out, he insisted on going with them. They found twenty IED's before he found the wrong one. (Caution: strong language.)
Jon Keen was helping unload casualties in Asadabad, Afghanistan when he saw his platoon sergeant among the wounded, a sight which seared his memory. It was difficult for the Afghans as well. The dead children he carried from helicopters is another forever memory. During this time, two Medal of Honor events occurred in a large operation called Rock Avalanche.
Justice details a too-close-for-comfort interaction with a vehicle-borne IED. The IED came as a complete surprise and the entire F.O.B. fell into what Justice could only describe as “chaos” immediately following the explosion. She suffered several injuries and had to work with the nurses back in Bagram and depend on the friendship of comrade Colonel Ellison to come back from the injuries.
Kyle Wise was chief of a human intelligence collection team based in Kabul. This meant he had to question a lot of locals, including one who provided some excellent information on some high value targets. In an unusual move, Wise accompanied the Special Forces team which set out with the source to bring in the terrorists. Part 1 of 2.
Only days after an IED blast nearly killed him in Afghanistan, Larry Draughn was awake and flattering nurses in a hospital in Germany. A man in a suit came in and he had the president on the phone. What happened next caused a bit of consternation. (Caution: strong language.)
One guy got away. During the capture of several terrorist targets, one intrepid Afghani escaped on foot but the rest were captured. Some interesting materials were found in the compound, including blueprints of the Guantanemo Bay facility. Kyle Wise saw the stature of his intelligence unit rise after this operation, although the embassy was definitely through loaning them vehicles. Part 2 of 2.
Larry Draughn got to his base in Afghanistan in the middle of the night. He knew it was gong to be a rough time, but when the sun came up, it was absolutely beautiful, a stunning countryside. Then the dirty business of patrolling began.
Kyle Wise was working out of Gardez with a new intelligence team that supported the Special Forces. During the investigation and demolition of a huge IED, bullets began flying and the team returned fire. During the battle, he received an injury not from a weapon, but from his own vehicle. Then, he saw something approaching on his periphery. Part 1 of 2.
Fishing tournaments and training for hand cycle marathons have kept Larry Draughn busy since he was grievously wounded in Afghanistan. He relishes the time with his family and enthusiastically supports the growing movement for veteran reunions. (Caution: strong language.)
Adam Keys describes the various methods of building and detonating IED's used by the enemy in Afghanistan. His unit's job was to find these things. Back at the base, you might get a little time to watch some DVD's of the latest TV shows.
In the intelligence game, you often find good information at places that are outside normal daily life. For instance, Kyle Wise was able to do exactly that in a case involving an Afghan officer and the local house of ill repute.
Kyle Wise couldn't believe it. A child had wandered into the middle of a firefight. Once that part of the drama was over, help arrived and he was able to go back to base and get treatment for a nasty blow to the head. Then it was right back to the field where the team encountered an Afghan "man dance." The reason for the celebration was quite ironic. Part 2 of 2.
His determination to recover from his severe wounds surprised his doctors. Larry Draughn quickly got free of the IV's and took his son to a baseball game. In less than a month, he was discharged. No one had ever recovered that quickly. Then he determined that he would meet the airplane when his unit returned form Afghanistan.
Kyle Wise discusses the interplay between various Afghan warlords and how the American forces tried to deal with the difficult and chaotic scenario. His intelligence gathering team was responsible for a whopping forty percent of all information collected in the entire theater. This got them noticed.
After the IED sent him flying, Adam Keys was talking and yelling for his buddies. He doesn't remember any of it and only knows this because he was told bout it. A long recovery began in hospitals back home and even they gave up on him but his mother never did.
It was much more difficult and dangerous working with warlords and tribes than with government entities. Counterintelligence agent Kyle Wise had a huge area of operation that encompassed several provinces. Developing sources was a big part of his work and he sometimes provided them with cameras and recorders. His team managed to bring down one of the most most notorious warlords in Afghanistan.
One thing about the Army, you make tons of friends. That was a great part of training for Adam Keys. Not long after that was over, orders came for Afghanistan, so he married his girlfriend and flew off to join the buildup ordered by President Obama.
Before he left Afghanistan, Kyle Wise was subjected to one more blast when the building he was searching was hit by a rocket attack. When he was back stateside, his wife noticed some changes in him. Eventually, he was diagnosed with traumatic brain injury, a condition that was occurring more and more in that conflict.
Britney Alexander was born and raised in Louisiana and had a dad who was an Army figure. Because of her great love for her dad, she wanted to enlist in the Army just like him. She talks about where she was on 9/11, her basic training at Fort Jackson, and Fort Lee where she had her training to be a cook.
They were looking for a giant IED that was over a thousand pounds. Adam Keys was on the ground team that day and that meant he had to exit the vehicle and sweep the area. What he didn't know is that they were parked right on top of what they were looking for. As he stepped from the door, the bomb was detonated.
Following the September 11th attacks, the path to war was unclear. General Dick Myers describes the weeks following from his position as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (Interview conducted in partnership with the Eisenhower Foundation as part of their Ike's Soldiers program. https://eisenhowerfoundation.net & http://ikessoldiers.com)
In contrast to Fort Lee, at Fort Hood Alexander found that she did little to no cooking whatsoever so she could prepare to go to Afghanistan. Once she had flown overseas, she was stationed at Shindand Air Base and was tasked with all of the mundane jobs no one else wanted to do, in addition to cooking the food, such as being put on Quick Reaction Force duty.