5:11 | Marshall Eubanks had two years left to serve when he returned from Vietnam. He stuck around for ten, then he decided to keep going. Instead of flying helicopters, he worked on high level research and simulations, among other things.
Keywords : Marshall Eubanks 1st Infantry Division Germany Reforger Fort Riley University of Florida Fort Lee research 7th Engineering Brigade 565th Engineer Battalion US Central Command White Sands Proving Grounds
Marshall Eubanks was determined to go to Vietnam. He felt personally called to duty after going to college during the turbulent sixties. Also, his father, who was a career military man, had died there. He went to flight school in his senior year of ROTC and, after graduation, became a helicopter pilot.
The Mekong Delta was hot and it smelled peculiar, especially where the locals were making their fish sauce. Marshall Eubanks was a Huey pilot who arrived there late in the war. There were a lot of river tributaries and canals and the villages were often built on poles.
By the end of 1971, all US combat troops were gone from the Mekong Delta area, but helicopter pilot Marshall Eubanks was kept busy transporting ARVN troops. The procedure was to hover just above the tall grass and the men would jump out. There was no way to know how far down the ground actually was, so sometimes thy didn't want to go.
The 114th Assault Helicopter Company was based at a small airfield in Vinh Long. Huey pilot Marshall Eubanks was sometimes officer of the guard for night time security, not a lot of fun. Neither was it fun to thoroughly clean all the aircraft when the unit had to stand down and prepare for return to the States. He didn't have enough time in country to leave, so he went to another outfit.
The monsoon weather was awful but Huey Pilot Marshall Eubanks flew right through it. He had to fly low enough to watch the ground beneath him until he got through the storm. That was scary enough. Then there were night assaults that were lit up by spotlights, which made you a sitting duck.
Flying out of Can Tho, helicopter pilot Marshall Eubanks supported the American advisory teams in the Mekong Delta. Transport, supply Medevac, anything they needed. He also made runs to Cambodia to support the American embassy and, on one of these, he was treated to a feast at Angkor Wat.
Sometimes the advisors rubbed you the wrong way, but Marshall Eubanks recognized the bravery of the men who lived in the bush with ARVN units. The tiny outposts had to be supported constantly and he had a special maneuver for bringing his Huey down quick in a tight spiral to avoid ground fire.
Marshall Eubanks was a helicopter pilot in Vietnam when Jane Fonda was photographed at a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft battery. He and his comrades did not appreciate it then and they still do not appreciate it.
When you sat your chopper down in a village, the kids would gather to look at the aircraft and maybe get a handout. Huey pilot Marshall Eubanks noticed that the Vietnamese children always looked out for each other and the older ones would shepherd the younger ones. They seemed very independent and resilient.
Marshall Eubanks describes the immense power of the B-52 strikes that he witnessed. There couldn't have been much effect on the enemy, however, because the strikes were announced in advance to avoid civilian casualties. Vietnamese civilians could also easily become casualties if they ventured into a designated free fire zone.
It was a typical mission. Huey pilot Marshall Eubanks made three trips to resupply an ARVN outpost and on the third one he took a lot of ground fire. He didn't think much of it but, later, after he was home from his tour, he got word that he was requested at an award ceremony.
It was very late in the war but lives were still being lost. Helicopter pilot Marshall Eubanks remembers the deadly crash of a Chinook which sunk down into the Mekong mud. He nearly lost his own life on his last flight in Vietnam when his Huey developed engine trouble.
They were long days, those last few in country as Marshall Eubanks was waiting to leave Vietnam. He was ready to go home after twelve long months. When he got back to the States and his next assignment, he was surprised when he was told not to wear his uniform off base.
What should people remember about the Vietnam war? Marshall Eubanks thinks it's important you know that most of those who served there volunteered and that they stepped up for the same reasons volunteers do it today.
The rumor was that the Iraqi's Soviet made tanks were superior to ours. Geoff Farrell had this on his mind while rolling across the desert to engage them. Just as they got near, a sandstorm came up. Then the Iraqi artillery began to fall. Then the first Iraqi tank was destroyed, shattering the myth.
Bill Pearson had been to Vietnam twice and returned unscathed, but the Army wasn't done putting him in danger. He was assigned as an aviation consultant to Iran, advising the Shah's air force on it's supply of American aircraft. The day he arrived, martial law was declared and it wasn't long before there were mobs outside trying to burn down the building. The embassy was no help. Escape seemed impossible.
Bob Stewart was more nervous going to Vietnam than he was going into space the first time. You could get maimed in combat but in space you were either A-OK or completely gone. He made two flights on the space shuttle and, along with Bruce McCandless, made the first EVA with the new MMU, the Manned Maneuvering Unit.
He repaired radios in the Marines, but Norman Kling was now an electrical engineer working at McDonnell Douglas. When he tried to get his Marine Reserve commander to recommend him for a commission, the answer caused him to leave the Reserve.
After the Challenger tragedy, NASA mission specialist Bob Stewart returned to the Army where they made him a general. He worked at the Strategic Defense Command, a legacy of Ronald Reagan's SDI program. At some point the Army wanted him in Washington DC, at which point he promoted himself to ski bum.
Returning Marine Norman Kling had his eye on college when he got home from the Pacific. He entered the electrical engineering program at Washington University in his home town of St. Louis. He had a soft spot for the Corps in his heart or maybe it was his head. Either way, he joined the Marine Corps Reserve.
Some of his pilot friends were recruited by the airlines but Bob Stewart had other ideas. He became a test pilot. They got the money but he had the fun. He was instrumental in bringing the Apache and Blackhawk helicopters into the Army's fleet of airships.
When the cease fire was declared, American units had not yet reached Baghdad. In his command track, Geoff Farrell had the graphics on his screen to guide him right in, but it was decided we would not go. Looking back to that critical moment, he reflects on the decision.
Bob Stewart arrived in Houston as the first active Army officer to become a space shuttle mission specialist. After a year of classes, he was given a technical task, develop the shuttle's entry flight control system. The first flight was scheduled for two years out but he had to give management some bad news.
Bob Stewart was walking on air. He just got a call from NASA that he was accepted as a mission specialist on the space shuttle program. He was going to be an astronaut, but first he had one more flight in his capacity as an Army test pilot.
They had prepared for the wrong war. Geoff Farrell's armored cavalry unit was going to the desert to confront Saddam Hussein, but their vehicles and uniforms were green and all their training was for fighting in European forests. Once they got to the staging area in Saudi Arabia, they adapted well.
Lt. Geoff Farrell was sleeping in the command track when he heard it on the radio. We were at war with Iraq. His armored cavalry unit crossed from Saudi Arabia into Iraq where they were greeted by friendly children in the middle of nowhere.
He considered it the finest education available. Geoff Farrell went to West Point, where he soaked up all the history and knowledge available there. He was assigned to Europe, where he patrolled the German border as Soviet Communism was dying. There was a brief period of jubilation when the wall came down, then they heard about Saddam Hussein.
John Le Moyne never had a bad assignment. That's the way he looked at it, anyway, and it had a lot to do with the excellent leaders he encountered throughout his career. They helped him crack the code on how to win the trust of soldiers.
After the battle, the men of the 2nd Armored Cavalry did humanitarian work for the Iraqi civilians, then it was time to return to Germany. For Geoff Farrell, a feeling of unreality set in on the flight home. How do you decompress from combat? At least those who fought in this war were not going to experience the humiliation that Vietnam veterans had faced.
During Operation Just Cause, John Le Moyne was assigned to the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) as a liaison officer to other agencies. In this capacity, he was able to observe some high level command operations that were very impressive. It was only a short while after this brief conflict that Saddam Hussein began to make noise in the Middle East.
Thermal imaging had been around for a while and Geoff Farrell was very familiar with it. GPS, however, was new and expensive, and no one was familiar with it. Both were integral to the swift victory in Desert Storm. Before his deployment he declined a dose of an experimental drug that was supposed to protect against chemical weapons and he wonders if that drug contributed to Gulf War Syndrome.
It was near anarchy in Budapest following the fall of the Nazis. Many were starving surrounded by rubble. Bob Ratonyi was overjoyed when his mother returned from a labor camp but then he watched as communists turned Hungary into a Stalinist dictatorship.
John Le Moyne had come in to Saudi Arabia leading an advance team. Starting from scratch in the desert, in the summer, huge operating bases were established. The locals were amazed at the way the Americans adapted to the environment. It was during this conflict that many innovations in troop care and comfort were devised.
The student led march to the parliament building had been exhilarating for Bob Ratonyi and he got up the next morning to go to his classes but there were no streetcars running. Then he saw two dead Russian soldiers in their vehicle. The peaceful march had turned into the bloody Hungarian Uprising. Part 2 of 4.
For Geoff Farrell, who fought in Desert Storm with the armored cavalry, it was obvious. It was technology and training that ensured victory. We had a lot of it and the Iraqis had very little. Our weapons had a longer range and, when a sandstorm came up in the middle of a battle, we had GPS and thermal imaging.
It was all propaganda, everything on the radio and in the newspapers. That was life in communist Hungary as Bob Ratonyi was coming of age. He urged his mother to take an offered post as the party representative at her factory so she could take advantage of it.