4:09 | According to General Stanley McChrystal, the establishment of the modern Army Rangers during the post-Vietnam period helped build a new Army from the center out. As they became a premier light infantry unit, the growing terror threat pulled them into the area of special operations, where they must balance those two responsibilities.
Keywords : Stanley McChrystal Ranger Abram's Charter Vietnam morale Iran Special Operations terror
General Stanley McChrystal grew up in a military family, where service was part of the culture. At West Point, he spent a summer with a Ranger company, which made him keen on becoming a Ranger. Eventually he commanded a Ranger battalion, where he instituted "The Big 4," four training principles which were essential.
To General Stanley McChrystal, the Ranger practice of sending officers and NCO's to other units throughout the Army was a huge success. There was a nagging problem with Special Operations units, however. They didn't want the Rangers to ever leave!
It's hard to say what Ranger School does to someone. It's definitely a journey of self-discovery. General Stanley McChrystal should know. He took a particular interest in the school when he commanded the Ranger Regiment.
When General Stanley McChrystal took command of the Joint Special Operations Command, he countered the old notion that Rangers were inflexible. In every assignment outside the Ranger Regiment, he tried to spread the Ranger philosophy of discipline and standards.
General Stanley McChrystal felt no need to make a drastic change in his lifestyle and habits when he left the military. He just took his Ranger sensibilities into the marketplace where those values lead to success.
The Ranger Creed is more than a mindless mantra to General Stanley McChrystal. It is a solemn promise to every other Ranger.
Longtime Ranger Commander General Stanley McChrystal recalls the mentors from his long career, chiefly his first commander in the Ranger Battalion and the NCO's who taught him his job.
In a time when only thirty percent of young people qualify to enlist in the armed forces, General Stanley McChrystal has become part of the Service Year Alliance, a group which promotes a paid year of national service.
Task Force 714 was a Joint Special Operations Command organization tasked with finding high value targets during Operation Iraqi Freedom. First and foremost was Saddam Hussein and his inner circle. General Stanley McChrystal recalls a more routine mission which centered around some phone calls from the enemy.
Operation Eagle Claw was the name of the attempt by US Special Forces to rescue the hostages from the embassy in Iran. The mission was aborted because of mechanical failures in helicopters and then turned tragic when eight men died in a fiery crash. Pilot George Ferkes was part of that team and he describes the events from his perspective.
Bill Pearson had been to Vietnam twice and returned unscathed, but the Army wasn't done putting him in danger. He was assigned as an aviation consultant to Iran, advising the Shah's air force on it's supply of American aircraft. The day he arrived, martial law was declared and it wasn't long before there were mobs outside trying to burn down the building. The embassy was no help. Escape seemed impossible.
When he returned from Vietnam, George Ferkes is fairly sure he saw his old hooch burning on the television when Quang Tri fell. After a couple of years he leapt at the chance to join a special ops outfit, even though, at the time, there was little interest in those units.
It was a lousy assignment. Jim Bolan was one of the first Special Forces officers and, after Vietnam, he wound up in a training unit with no jump slot. Prodded by his wife, he went to Washington to dust off his most valuable inside contact, who was now the Army's Chief of Staff.
There was some good intelligence available during the planning of the Iran hostage rescue attempt. For instance, pilot George Ferkes knew that an aircraft could easily avoid the radar at the border. That was not the problem, though, once the effort got underway.
After his Vietnam tours, Jake Jacobson served in Thailand and the Philippines, among other places, with different Special Forces teams. After almost thirty years of service, he retired, but was soon in Saudi Arabia training Bedouins. He didn't care for that job. (Caution: coarse language.)
Lt. Geoff Farrell was sleeping in the command track when he heard it on the radio. We were at war with Iraq. His armored cavalry unit crossed from Saudi Arabia into Iraq where they were greeted by friendly children in the middle of nowhere.
When the Iran hostage crisis happened, President Carter asked the joint chiefs if there was any way they could be rescued. This set off a mad scramble to put together a multi-branch operation and Air Force special ops pilot George Ferkes was right in the middle of it.
Bob Stewart was more nervous going to Vietnam than he was going into space the first time. You could get maimed in combat but in space you were either A-OK or completely gone. He made two flights on the space shuttle and, along with Bruce McCandless, made the first EVA with the new MMU, the Manned Maneuvering Unit.
After the battle, the men of the 2nd Armored Cavalry did humanitarian work for the Iraqi civilians, then it was time to return to Germany. For Geoff Farrell, a feeling of unreality set in on the flight home. How do you decompress from combat? At least those who fought in this war were not going to experience the humiliation that Vietnam veterans had faced.
In the aftermath of the debacle at Desert One, an effort to plan and execute another mission to rescue the hostages in Iran got under way. Air Force special ops pilot George Ferkes recalls that new tactics and equipment were developed that served as the blueprint for the revitalization of special operations units throughout the military.
Bob Stewart arrived in Houston as the first active Army officer to become a space shuttle mission specialist. After a year of classes, he was given a technical task, develop the shuttle's entry flight control system. The first flight was scheduled for two years out but he had to give management some bad news.
Special forces went through a bit of a renaissance after the failed rescue of the hostages in Iran. Never again would US special operations be caught flat footed and unprepared. Pilot George Ferkes was a part of that mission and it provided him with a purpose that guided him through the rest of his career.
The rumor was that the Iraqi's Soviet made tanks were superior to ours. Geoff Farrell had this on his mind while rolling across the desert to engage them. Just as they got near, a sandstorm came up. Then the Iraqi artillery began to fall. Then the first Iraqi tank was destroyed, shattering the myth.
When Bob Ratonyi heard that a good friend had fled the country after the Hungarian Uprising, he decided to do the same. He recruited another friend and they began to plan their escape. Their group of two expanded to seven and they naively set out for the Austrian border. Part 3 of 4.
The student led march to the parliament building had been exhilarating for Bob Ratonyi and he got up the next morning to go to his classes but there were no streetcars running. Then he saw two dead Russian soldiers in their vehicle. The peaceful march had turned into the bloody Hungarian Uprising. Part 2 of 4.
Thermal imaging had been around for a while and Geoff Farrell was very familiar with it. GPS, however, was new and expensive, and no one was familiar with it. Both were integral to the swift victory in Desert Storm. Before his deployment he declined a dose of an experimental drug that was supposed to protect against chemical weapons and he wonders if that drug contributed to Gulf War Syndrome.
It was all propaganda, everything on the radio and in the newspapers. That was life in communist Hungary as Bob Ratonyi was coming of age. He urged his mother to take an offered post as the party representative at her factory so she could take advantage of it.