5:26 | Roy Scribner sailed under the Golden Gate bridge in September of 1944 on his way to join the fray. The radioman was also a loader on one of the ship's 20mm guns. The USS Dorsey, a minesweeper, was also armed with depth charges to engage with submarines. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
Keywords : Roy Scribner minesweeper San Francisco CA radioman Golden Gate Bridge towed target gunner loader tracers Pearl Harbor USS Arizona (BB-39) USS Oklahoma (BB-37) depth charges submarine (sub) sonar USS Dorsey (DD-117/DMS-1)
Roy Scribner was fifteen years old when the attack on Pearl Harbor shook the nation. He enlisted in the Navy as soon as he could, following his brother into that service and also in honor of a boy from his hometown who died on the USS Arizona. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
The physical training in Navy boot camp was no problem for Roy Scribner, who played football in school. He was sent to radio operators school at Texas A&M and then he joined the crew of the USS Dorsey, a minesweeper converted from a World War I era destroyer. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
The hazing that Roy Scribner got the first time he crossed the equator included the eating of a bitter pudding that came with an unusual health benefit. He was on a minesweeper on the way to the Philippines and, once there, the ship became a target for kamikazes. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
Roy Scribner's first action was at Lingayen Gulf and the day he arrived there on a minesweeper, the kamikazes began attacking. The gun crews had to sleep at their guns when the danger was ongoing, which could also mean nothing to eat but sandwiches for days. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
The USS Dorsey, a destroyer/minesweeper, had a number of weapons to protect itself. Roy Scribner was a loader on one of the 20mm guns which was primarily an anti-aircraft weapon. The 40mm gun at the stern was the best protection they had against kamikazes, which were a constant threat. They had already taken out three of the ten ships in his group. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
While getting supplies in Leyte, Roy Scribner remembers how the locals would paddle up in canoes to trade eggs to the sailors. While there, someone smuggled something aboard that really shouldn't be there, a mascot for the ship. The minesweeper left there and assembled with other ships to prepare for the Iwo Jima landing. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
It was cold and raining as huge ships pounded the tiny island of Iwo Jima ahead of the landing. Roy Scribner was on the USS Dorsey, a minesweeper. In his diary, he sketched the raising of the flag as well as noting the staggering casualty figures. When the ship broke away from the battle for refueling, the crew nearly met with disaster during the routine task. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
At Okinawa, the USS Dorsey received it's only kamikaze hit after a long streak of near misses. Roy Scribner describes the attack from his vantage point as a gun loader. Fortunately, the damage was not severe and they steamed to Pearl Harbor for repairs. On their way there, they received some bad news from back home. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
As the USS Dorsey approached Pearl Harbor for repairs, the pet dog smuggled on board got very excited. He was about tired of Navy life. Almost as soon as the minesweeper returned to action, the war ended. Roy Scribner tells the story of the typhoon that nearly put them under off the coast of Japan. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
The going home banner was strung aloft after victory in the Pacific was won, but before the USS Dorsey left the dock, a typhoon struck and grounded the ship. Mother Nature had done what the Japanese could not. Roy Scribner was given the task of securing the sensitive communications material. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
Before Roy Scribner headed home from the Pacific, he had to watch his ship, the USS Dorsey demolished and scuttled after being slammed by a typhoon. Back home, he was sent to Camp Shoemaker, a place he knew very well. (This interview made possible with the support of THOMAS J. DOUGLAS, USAF.)
His outfit was in London, but glider pilot Robert Powell wound up in North Africa after his crash landing. Since the war was winding down, no one cared about getting him back to them. He began a long waiting game and the prize was his wife waiting for him on a train platform.
Kay Sloan was born in a small town near Hiroshima where her father was head of a Buddhist temple. When he passed away, her mother had to raise eight children as war was brewing in the Pacific. They faced increasing hardship as the war brought embargoes and dwindling food supplies.
Bob Powell was finally sent to Officer Candidate School, thanks to a colonel he had known at the beginning of the war. He was there at the Berlin airlift and he had tours in Korea and Vietnam before he retired. It was a good career but it took a toll on his personal life.
When at anchor in Pearl Harbor, Jesus Cepeda would attend mass on Sunday with his friend from back home in Guam. As he waited for him on deck, he heard a big rumbling noise, like hundreds of planes at once, but as he searched the sky, he could see nothing. Then he turned to the north.(This interview made possible with the support of ALBERT SMALL.)
After bailing out, evading German troops and hiding in the woods, B-17 Pilot George Starks was helped by French civilians and put on his way over land toward Switzerland. He had a broken bone in his foot, but he managed to make good time, with some help from locals. German troops were everywhere but his young looks and beret gave him a chance when he encountered them. Part 2 of 7. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
In Dachau, Rogers witnesses thousands of starving prisoners in a concentration camp. He remembers the many other displaced civilians, forced into labor, who suffered at the hands of the nazis. (This interview made possible with the support of TIMOTHY R. COLLINS.)
The Russians were close enough that the American POW's could hear the fire in the distance. Their guards roused them all and put them on the road in a forced march, leaving their camp in Poland and heading for Germany. It was seventy nine days of freezing cold out in the open, with very little food. (This interview made possible with the support of PHILIP J. O'NEILL.)
What did he learn from his experience in World War II? Bob Powell's answer is that of an old sergeant, even though he retired as an officer. He salutes his mentor Jess Guthrie, who was a sergeant when they met and a colonel when it was over. That sort of thing won't happen anymore with the requirements of the modern military.
Following his French contact at a discreet distance, George Starks parked his bicycle and watched the man enter a bakery. In the back of that bakery, he met Maurice, a member of the Free French Resistance. He was getting close to Switzerland, but he would need Maurice's help to get over the border. Part 4 of 7. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
Chan Rogers experiences a couple of close calls on the Siegfried Line. His unit stumbles upon a nest of sleeping Germans, suddenly finding themselves in a harrowing firefight. Later, when facing off against a group of German pillboxes, they are showered with deadly shrapnel from tree bursts. (This interview made possible with the support of TIMOTHY R. COLLINS.)
Jack Houston had just helped his buddy dress a wound when he volunteered to return to the Okinawa hilltop where they were getting the enemy cleared out. When he got the jump on three of them, his muzzle flash gave him away and he had to leave in a hurry. He flung himself off the hill where he came face to face with a rifle. Part 5 of 6. (This interview made possible with the support of JOHN & BARBARA MCCOY.)
As he made his way through France in disguise, downed B-17 pilot George Starks encountered German troops, stole a bicycle and made friends with many locals. In one town he was sheltered by the chief of police, who had a very friendly daughter. Part 3 of 7. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
Two engines were out, a third smoking, and they were were losing airspeed and altitude, but they were flying level and pointed home. Then time ran out for the B-17 and Don Scott had to slip down the hatch into the slipstream. Part 2 of 3.
It was their third mission over Berlin and they were heading home. Four German fighters pounced on the B-24 and it was engulfed in flame and going down. Clyde Burnette fought for consciousness as the other crew in the back of the plane bailed out. He woke in free fall with no idea how he had made it out, and soon he was in German custody. Everyone made it out of the plane except George "Danny" Daneau, the nose turret gunner, who went down with the aircraft.
After leaving his safe haven in Switzerland, downed B-17 pilot George Starks finally met up with American forces near Evian in France. Then began a long, sometimes pleasurable trip back to his unit in England. After debriefing, he was sent around to give lectures on evasion for other airmen, then back home to Florida. Part 7 of 7. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
The first operation for the 4th Division was the landing on Roi-Namur. Lawrence Snowden remembers that, though it was an easy victory, valuable combat experience and important lessons were imparted on the Marines.
After a nerve-wracking mission to bomb Tokyo and a typhoon, B.E. Vaughan and the destroyer O'Brien suffered a second kamikaze attack which killed all three of his hometown pals who served with him on board. Then, began the grim task of collecting the personal belongings of the dead and preparing them for burial at sea.
After a long trek across France, George Starks was finally next to the Swiss border. From the time he hid his parachute until the time he stepped across the creek that was the border, he had been helped by sympathetic locals. When he was finally out of occupied territory and free in Switzerland, he was surprised when someone else showed up. Part 5 of 7. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
The day after he graduated high school, Bob Powell's father put him to work in the oil fields of Oklahoma. It was a terrible job. "I might as well join the military," he said to his mother. Well, his father overheard that and immediately drove him to the recruiter.
On his fifth combat mission, his first as aircraft commander, B-17 pilot George Starks was on the outside edge of the formation when the plane was hit by German fighters. With a wing on fire, he gave the signal to bail out and he was soon in free fall from high altitude over France. He landed hard, hid his chute, and hid in the woods as he heard German troops approaching. Part 1 of 7. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
It was good duty in Amarillo. Radio Operator Bob Powell had been promoted to sergeant, passing right over corporal. He had a housing allowance and the town was full of pretty girls without men. One day a small plane landed and a full Bird Colonel got out. There was going to be a school for glider pilots right there, he said.
George Starks had evaded capture all across France and was safe in Switzerland, where he had it easier than downed airmen who had actually come down in Switzerland. They were supposed to stay put and wait, but he had other ideas, which led to the liberation of Evian on the other side of Lake Geneva. Part 6 of 7. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
There were 150 glider pilots assembled and training on the the new combat gliders in a small village in England. Bob Powell was one of these men getting ready for Operation Market Garden, the invasion of Holland. When the time came, he was startled when he saw what was being loaded into his glider.
He was a glider instructor in Texas but the war caught up to Bob Powell and he was shipped overseas. After a short time in Africa, he managed to get a plum assignment as a liaison pilot in London, but one day his colonel inquired about his glider experience. That couldn't lead to anything good.
The mission started badly when Bob Powell forgot to go to the latrine ahead of a four hour flight. The flight across the English Channel was OK but once he got to the target and his glider was released, he was in trouble. The reconnaissance was wrong and his landing was in peril.