5:46 | Ron Clark remembers when the Chinese would attack and how the strategies between American and Chinese differed. He also explains one detailed account of an American casualty during battle and his own major injury that permanently disabled his eyesight.
Keywords : Ron Clark Mortarman Korea Korean War Koream Conflict Bunker Hill Marine
Ron Clark explains how he began in the Navy, but as soon as he decided the Navy was not a good fit and wanted to go to college, the Korean War was just beginning. Clark later joined the Marines and discusses his duties and journeys during training.
Ron Clark talks about his first moments in Korea and how he was trained in many different weapons divisions but became a mortarman. He also discusses the intense combat soon after.
Ron Clark remembers the steps taken to avoid critical injuries due to cold weather, including the boots that were worn during combat. He also explains a funny story about how he got the nickname One Boot Clark.
Ron Clark explains the bunkers they used when fighting in Korea. He remembers being in these bunkers during guard duty and the strategic mental games the Chinese and Americans would try on one another when fighting on Bunker Hill.
Ron Clark remembers how the Chinese seemed to have an endless supply of concussion grenades and booby traps.
Ron Clark talks about many things he learned during Marine training on Parris Island. He tells stories about how disciplined it was, but also how it was necessary for purposes of preparing them for Camp Pendleton and war.
Ron Clark thinks back to a saying the Marines had while in combat and also reflects on the overall importance of the Korean War and the long-term results of the war.
Jack King was on the rotation list, but he had to saddle up anyway and get up to Horseshoe Ridge. There, the Chinese unleashed a human wave attack and the rear echelon Marine mortarman found himself under direct fire for the first time. It was during a lull in this battle when one of the sergeants opened a Dear John letter. It did not go well. (This interview made possible with the support of RALPH J. TINGLE.)
After the Chinese intervened in Korea, John Meyer's unit was constantly on the move, often in retreat. He worked in the rear, so he saw the huge masses of refugees fleeing the fighting, some of them receiving medical treatment while there.
He didn't like the look of the Navy uniform so Jack King joined the Marines. While he was at boot camp, the Korean War broke out and the drill instructor sent them off with a promise about guarding the home front while they were gone. He landed at Inchon after a tense climb down the cargo net and it wasn't long before he saw his first dead Marine. (This interview made possible with the support of RALPH J. TINGLE.)
There were celebrities in Gilbert Howland's training unit at Fort Dix, including Eddie Fisher. They were preparing to go to Korea and it wasn't long before Howland found himself there in the frigid winter; dodging artillery and trying to capture prisoners for interrogation. (This interview made possible with the support of DAVID W. MARQUEZ.)
It was long after his service as an army dentist in Korea that George Starks read an article in the paper about a veteran who described his evacuation and medical care. He was sure he must have done the surgery so he decided to contact him. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
Bill Ozmint remembers his upbringing in rural South Carolina and joining the ROTC during college, which got him introduced to the military. Since he knew so many people involved in the war, joining the military was always on the table for him.
He had been a pilot, but George Starks was now an army dentist. When war broke out in Korea, he had to go, following the action all the way from Inchon up into the north. He was part of the hasty retreat south, as well as the push back northwards after regrouping. (This interview made possible with the support of DOROTHY J. D'EWART.)
Bill Ozmint remembers patrolling on the border and the various precautions they had to take to safely navigate his platoon through enemy territory. Seeing friendly casualties as they were ascending a hill put into perspective how dangerous the war really was.
The North Koreans had retreated northward and Bill Bates and his Marines were finally able to take hot showers under the curious watch of a local crowd. They returned to the fight, pushing toward the Yalu River when reports of Chinese units started coming in.
When he was stationed in Fort Benning, Georgia, Bill Ozmint was stationed on the 38th Parallel in Korea for a year. Being along the DMZ was difficult as you had to act carefully to remain safe from enemy fire.
Bill Ozmint remembers leaving Korea and returning home, which his company was ready to do after their year in-country. After returning home, he was able to find work through a family friend and was able to secure his future career in the pharmaceutical industry.
The trip home on the troop ship was no picnic for Alfred DePietro. A typhoon caused flooding where he was bunked and it was an ordeal to get everyone out of there. Still mystified at being recalled for Korea, he nevertheless states that had a hell of a good time in the military.
Korea got real exciting real quick. It was the practice for the commander to fly with new bomber crews on their first mission. Bill McCowen's B-29 crew almost didn't survive that first mission after the Instructor Pilot nearly killed them twice. The rest of the tour was a little less stressful.
Growing up during the Depression, Harold Maples decided enlisting in the service would be the best decision for him and his later education. On the way to basic training, he met another trainee named Guy Metcalf, who later went on to be his closest friend.
A veteran of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Frank Noonan reenlisted after the war and served on the aircraft carrier USS Valley Forge during the Korean War. He details the awesome firepower its dive bombers carried and the technology of launching and landing jets on a floating runway. (This interview made possible with the support of JANIS HAUSER In Memory Of Alfred W. Hauser, Army Air Corps.)
While stationed in Korea, Callovi experiences combat bureaucracy, bitter cold and a close call with a stealthy enemy. An attachment of Turkish soldiers proves to be a little too comfortable with the butchery of war.
After a training operation in the Caribbean, Lou Pardy was settling in to a routine as a clerk in a tank battalion when the Korean War broke out. They were given seven days to get ready to leave and, after that hectic week, they were shipped to a slightly more hectic location, the Pusan Perimeter.
One of the duties of airmen in Korea was to provide close air support to Marines on the ground. They cheered and egged the flyers on to hit even closer. Alfred DePietro recalls those missions and then describes the concept of second sky. It was there he encountered the only enemy fighter plane he ever saw.
There were no more big battles but there was still danger on the front line in Korea, even if you were just trimming bushes. Glen Weber had a close call while doing just that, but then he was transferred to a new unit in Japan where there was no danger but lots of calisthenics. His last duty in country was providing escort for the prisoner swap after the peace.
During a snowy night patrol in search of a prisoner, Lieutenant Gary Wilder decided to take the initiative and grab a Chinese soldier in the trench line the men had been observing. Gun fire soon broke out and Thielke and his men had to help Wilder to safety.
B-29 Radio operator Bud Ellis was retrained in electronic countermeasures before his deployment. His job was to jam enemy systems by broadcasting noise on their control frequencies. One problem was, where was he going to sit on the plane?
The Marines had spent months on line and had just settled into hot showers and new clothes when the order came, "Saddle Up!" The Chinese Spring Offensive had begun and a hole in the line had to be plugged. Jack Robinson's unit did just that, holding their own with rifles, machine guns and grenades.
At the age of sixteen, Bob Humphery was already in the National Guard and as soon as he was old enough, he went into the Army. At boot camp, he was getting tired on the long marches so he came up with a plan to lighten his load. He was pulling good duty occupying Japan when his unit was called for Korea and soon he was an expert at climbing hills.
Canadian soldier Ralph McKay describes the attempts by the enemy in Korea to overrun his position. He still used his British single shot rifle, but many had traded with the Americans for better weapons. The men were ecstatic over the peace agreement, but they had to stay in country until their 14 month tour was up. At least no one was shooting at them.