1:31 | Sam Holliday remarks at how "amazingly unprepared" his unit was for combat in Korea.
As a 24-year old first lieutenant, Sam Holliday describes his first combat experience when his convoy was ambushed by North Korean troops.
After being ambushed by North Korean forces his first day in combat, Sam Holliday remembers retaliating with the first successful battle of the Korean War.
Sam Holliday remembers taking on the 6th North Korean Division during a battle in the "Notch".
Sam Holliday describes the type of combat he faced during the Korean War.
After a battle at Chinju Hill, Sam Holliday recalls dealing with a fellow soldier who had sent prisoners off to their deaths.
While maneuvering through a "hot bed of communist support," Sam Holliday remembers his men being ambushed by violent locals.
Sam Holliday discusses his run in with disorganized and rowdy Turkish troops during the Korean War.
Sam Holliday talks about how he became the last American to leave Pyongyang, North Korea, in 1950.
Sam Holliday remembers taking part in the battle of Many Fingered Hill, the last Chinese defensive position south of the 38th parallel.
Sam Holliday describes the planning and execution behind taking a well defended position from Chinese troops on "Triple Nickel Hill" (Hill 555), just north of the 38th parallel in North Korea.
Sam Holliday talks about planning for suspected assaults from Chinese and North Korean troops, and one such defense which involved a bayonet charge.
Near the end of the Korean War, Sam Holliday describes how he planned withdrawal routes in order to lessen the impact of Chinese or North Korean assaults.
Sam Holliday remembers defending the Pusan Perimeter, which he regards as the most decisive battle of the Korean War.
Sam Holliday discusses the training, discipline and education of the North Korean troops and insurgents.
He was fortunate that his time in Korea was relatively uneventful. Ed Price remembers a couple of big air attacks, but most were on the level of hand grenades lobbed out of a small plane. Since he was in headquarters company, which had a small amount of privates, he was in for a lot of guard duty.
As company clerk, John Meyers had several responsibilities, the captain's morning report, letters home to parents of men killed in action and writing up awards recommendations. He wrote up the recommendation for Charles Gilliland, a seventeen year old, whose heroic actions made him the youngest soldier to receive the Medal Of Honor in the Korean War.
Ron Clark remembers when the Chinese would attack and how the strategies between American and Chinese differed. He also explains one detailed account of an American casualty during battle and his own major injury that permanently disabled his eyesight.
When it was time to act, Bill Minnich came through. On a night watch, as he caught sight of a Chinese patrol, the only question was, rifle or grenade? When the unit was pinned down and no one responded to the order to move out, he cussed them all out and charged forward. And when he fell wounded, it was a sure thing that he would get up and scramble through the bullets landing at his feet.
Ben Malcom recalls a mission to infiltrate and destroy a 76mm gun hidden inside a North Korean mountain. During the cover of night on July 14, 1952, Malcom managed to sneak 120 guerilla fighters onto the mountain and into the bunker, and describes the combat that ensued.
It was called Hill 205. The small Ranger company was told to take and hold the hill. They did that as long as they could but Ralph Puckett and his men had to go through hell to do it. Waves of Chinese attackers had him calling in very close artillery strikes. He lay there, unable to move after three wounds, watching the Chinese bayonet wounded Rangers. Then two figures charged up the hill. For his actions in this battle, he would be awarded the Medal of Honor.
It took a while for Dan Wussler to talk to anyone about the war. After the crazy dreams had stopped and his kids were asking questions, he began to open up about his experience in Korea. He joined the family business for a few years, then he found a good career in banking.
Because he had some college and could type, Lloyd Glasson was assigned to headquarters company. He became the Awards and Decorations Section Chief and it was his job to write up the awards and interview soldiers who were recommended for them.
Don Wussler was asked if he wanted to go back to Korea, and it turned out to be a sponsored trip, entirely complimentary. It was an amazing journey. The destruction was replaced by modern cities and the hospitality was unbelievable. He was very glad he decided to go.
On his first day in the Army, Lloyd Glasson picked up athlete's foot in the shower. A few days later he asked to go on sick call for treatment. No one paid him any heed until he was a medical oddity. When he was finally through with training, he had a plum assignment to guided missile school, but he had to get a security clearance.
It's the camaraderie that Don Wussler misses about the military. He had a friend who was with him through basic training and right through to Korea. He rotated home a few days earlier and he promised to give him a ride when he got home. It didn't work out that way.
As he approached the shore at Inchon, Lloyd Glasson thought he would be on the attack, but he had no ammunition. He then spent the coldest night of his life in an exposed tent. It was so cold, he got up and wandered around and saw a sentry firing at something. When he found out what it was, he couldn't believe it. Oh, well. This is Korea.
Why wait for the draft? Let's volunteer and get it over with. That's how Don Wussler and his friend got into the Army. After some intensive training, he almost immediately found himself on top of Pork Chop Hill behind a machine gun.
It was back and forth on Pork Chop Hill. After the Communists overran one company's position, American units immediately counter-attacked. When Don Wussler's turn came, he scrambled up the hill with his machine gun, bullets just inches away. He was helping two medics with a casualty when a mortar round slammed in with deadly result.
It was his job to determine which award a soldier recommended for decoration should apply to receive. There was one young soldier who should have got a higher award and there was one captain who demanded a Silver Star for basically nothing.
When the Korean War broke out, Paul Deverick was in the active Marine Reserve and he got the call. He went with his unit, which was designated as an engineering company, but he didn't get to build anything. His first assignment was transporting prisoners from North to South.
In a story told publicly for the first time, Lloyd Glasson reveals how he single-handedly preserved the Korean cease fire by the way he reported a casualty. When an AP reporter showed up three weeks later looking to find the name of the last man killed in Korea, he had to remain silent.
Shortly after high school, Robert Martin enlisted in the Army. He became a cook and when the Korean war broke out, he joined the 2nd Infantry Division there. While he was deployed, the order from the White House came that the troops could not fire unless they were fired upon. This was very bad, in his estimation.
When he rotated home from Korea, Lloyd Glasson asked to be assigned to 5th Army HQ in Chicago so he could be close to home. He missed the camaraderie he experienced with his buddies in Korea, but he did not miss the horrifying aspects of war and he reveals a grisly experience which changed his path in life.
Paul Deverick's experience at the Chosin Reservoir was mostly one of observation. From a high vantage point, he saw wave after wave of Chinese troops mowed down. He wasn't immune from artillery fire, however, and he had to cram into a hole frequently.
After seeing action off the coast of Korea, the USS Cowell resumed its around the world cruise, which had begun in Norfolk. From Korea, the ship headed south. Charles Kelly recalls the delightful liberties he had in many ports on his trek from Singapore to Ceylon and up through the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean.
Ed Price was stuck in Seattle. While other troops boarded ships for Korea, he and several others had to wait for records to catch up with them. After a couple of false starts, he was finally headed across the Pacific. When he got to his anti-aircraft unit, he was asked a fateful question. Can you type?