5:54 | Lawson Magruder, who commanded troops in the Somali deployment, was disturbed by what he discovered after the conflict was over. Partisan distrust following a change of administrations had sidelined the most experienced diplomat in the area. This contributed to an already bad situation.
Keywords : Lawson W. Magruder III Somalia Robert Bob Oakley ambassador Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC) Black Hawk Down Mohamed Farrah Aidid
Family and faith helped LTG Lawson Magruder cope with the harder parts of a long career. That and a resilient state of mind. The new digital world may be making this kind of balance more difficult.
Lawson Magruder's father was a career Army officer who had his family with him at posts around the world. The younger Magruder's eyes were opened when they drove from Paris to Normandy and found the spot where his father was wounded in the battle. At a later post in the Philippines, he found inspiration at Corregidor.
The timing didn't work out for Lawson Magruder to attend West Point, so he settled for his father's alma mater, the University of Texas at Austin. When the school recruited the elder Magruder to be Professor of Military Science, the entire ROTC got some seriously good instruction.
It was a tip that paid off. Learn from your platoon sergeant all you can. Lawson Magruder was a green lieutenant when his first platoon sergeant handed him a little green book.
Lawson Magruder was excited to be heading to Vietnam to an airborne unit, but he had a rude awakening when he was told he was going to the Americal Division. Well, he belonged to the Army and he went where they needed him. The young platoon leader had no more than a quick introduction to his men when he was off on his first air assault.
When the resupply convoy was scheduled at the firebase, the road had to be swept for mines and booby traps. LT Lawson Magruder sent a squad to protect the engineers who were performing the sweep. The men were then told by the convoy commander to ride the refuel truck back to the firebase. Lawson wished they had walked.
He was on the way to brigade headquarters. Lawson Magruder had been designated Lieutenant of the Week, something the brigade commander liked to do to give young officers a taste of high level operations. At the end of the day, he had a great surprise.
While he was beginning his shift as the night duty officer, Lawson Magruder would marvel at the wrecked helicopters brought back to base. The brigade had moved and tactics had not been adjusted for the fact that there were anti-aircraft batteries up near the DMZ. He relates the story of LT Dick Anshus and a downed pilot who were captured.
When Lawson Magruder returned from Vietnam, he took the lessons learned in that war and helped to shape the training programs of the new volunteer Army. He went to Fort Benning for the career course and that's when the dreaded Reduction in Force began to hit the officer corps.
Lawson Magruder tells the story of Nguyen Cong Luan, an ARVN officer he befriended at Fort Benning. He was here for training when it became apparent that South Vietnam would fall. He was offered asylum, but returned home to fight for his country and reunite with his family.
It's important to have a confidant or someone's ear to listen, even if it's just a journal. Lawson Magruder had his father, who had also been a career Army officer. This was important after a great loss in his platoon.
The army had to plan for operations that were short of total war, stability and security operations. Lawson Magruder worked with a team writing new light infantry doctrine, which was the type of force that would be tasked with these missions. Ironically, he was soon at the 10th Mountain Division, which was destined for Somalia.
The 10th Mountain Division deployed to Somalia, where LTG Lawson Magruder worked with his Marine counterpart to secure distribution of humanitarian aid and stop the fighting between rival factions. It was not yet the Information Age, so he and his staff would huddle around a lone satellite phone every evening.
There were two rival militia leaders in Somalia, both of whom had been in the Somali army. Both had also met with BG Lawson Magruder, who warned them to cease hostilities. They didn't listen.
After being an advisor in Vietnam, Freddy McFarren returned to his first love in the military, artillery. As a commander with the 82nd Airborne, he fired some of his guns in Grenada. That operation convinced him and others that the military needed to increase joint operations training.
Bill Pearson had been to Vietnam twice and returned unscathed, but the Army wasn't done putting him in danger. He was assigned as an aviation consultant to Iran, advising the Shah's air force on it's supply of American aircraft. The day he arrived, martial law was declared and it wasn't long before there were mobs outside trying to burn down the building. The embassy was no help. Escape seemed impossible.
During the Cold War, Navy pilot Wes Ruth flew many photographic and mapping missions, including a memorable one to Central and South America. He then had his first shipboard experience on board a support ship for patrol planes. For a time, this vessel was stationed near China to keep tabs on the activities of the Chinese Communists.
As a Navy pilot, Wes Ruth had a number of assignments related to photo-reconnaissance during the Cold War, including the research and development of Navy technology. He also studied the progress of our Allies in that crucial area. He then took command of a patrol squadron. His last stop before retiring was in Naval Intelligence.
His aim was to help put his sister through college. Walt Richardson scored so well on the tests that he was inducted into the Air Force. Perhaps it was the schooling he received at the school run by the mother of Chappie James, who became the first black Air Force 4-star General.
Once Bill Greinke was made the intelligence officer of a battalion in Berlin, he began to have a lot of fun playing cat and mouse with the Russians and East Germans. They would pelt the cars driving around to gather intelligence with snowballs and the occasional bottle.
His time with the 1st Cavalry Division at Fort Hood was the best time of his Army career. Bill Greinke bested a well known commander in a war game and he went on splendid maneuvers in Europe at the Fulda Gap. Then he moved on to specialized training in media and information.
For Walt Richardson, it was all about the core values of America. As one of the first black airmen to integrate the Air Force, he calls on his unique perspective to explain why America is so much greater than other nations that are so much older.
After successfully completing aircraft mechanic school, Walt Richardson joined the crew on a commanding general's B-17 in Okinawa. As the only black crew member, he had to earn respect and he did. He was also part of the honor guard when the first freely elected leaders in Japan were inaugurated.
He had been a glider pilot in the war and he was a bona fide power pilot who could fly many smaller planes. George Theis then became a flight engineer in a B-52 unit. He was in the cockpit readying for a flight when the pilot asked if he'd like to try a take-off.
When George Theis returned from occupation duty, he got married and began seeking a career in civilian aviation. The tough job market drove him back into the newly renamed Air Force. He had a good run as a flight engineer and worked on the conversion to computerized controls.
When an alert was sounded, the procedure for fighter pilot Rick Hilton was to get his aircraft fueled and wait at the end of the runway with a live nuclear weapon on board. Someone thought this was a little too much power for a fighter jock so the procedure was changed to include blocking the taxiway with a fuel truck. Then a real alert came in.
Walt Richardson was in the last all black training flight in the Air Force. His aim was to serve his three year obligation and then return to college, but he saw a musical revue put on by members of the fabled Tuskegee Airmen. They were holding open auditions and he went to showcase his fine singing voice.
Army surgeon Quinn Becker almost retired but he was selected to attend the War College. That usually meant they were grooming you for higher up. As he moved up to higher commands, he set out to modernize antiquated field medical equipment, a need he had first noticed years before.
He was only four years old when Rick Hilton's uncle let him "fly" his airplane. The kid couldn't reach all the controls but he did get a deep desire to fly. He got his chance in college with the Air Force cadet program and was soon piloting jet fighters.
It was a very difficult program to get into, but Marvin Cole persisted and was one of the final candidates standing to be admitted to the Army's physician assistant training program. After that, he was sent to Germany where his management ability got him noticed.
The 18th Field Artillery Brigade supported a lot of units during Operation Desert Storm, including the French Foreign Legion. Should the war have continued on into Baghdad? Going home was OK with Freddy McFarren. He had already been in the desert for eight months.